9 Important Effects to Know before Opening a Fixed Deposit Account

FD or Fixed Deposit Account is one of the most common fiscal instruments that most banks or NBFCs offer to their investors. The fixed deposit rates are also advanced in comparison to a regular savings regard. The quantum can fluently be withdrawn after the completion of the maturity period.

It’s one of the most favored forms of investments as it’s compared to be safer than equities. also, the returns are also known before investing the plutocrat, unlike equities. Because the plutocrat is invested for a pre-determined duration, fixed deposits are also called as ‘term deposits’.

It’s a perfect investment option for investors who want to forest all the threat and also helps in fulfilling your long-term fiscal pretensions similar as securing your child’s future, advanced education, marriage, and other major unanticipated charges that may arise in future.

Then are certain effects that you must know before investing in an Fixed Deposit account.

1. Fixed Deposit account

It’s relatively simple to open your fixed deposit account with the same bank with which you have your savings regard. Some banks also allow you to open a fixed deposit account indeed if you don’t have a savings regard with the bank. You just need to go through a simple Know-Your-Client (KYC) process to open a bank Fixed Deposit account without a savings regard.

Then’s what the KYC process looks like:-

A.Give tone-attested Xerox of ID evidence similar as your PAN Card, your Voter ID Card, Aadhar Card, and Passport, more.

B. Colored passport size photo prints.

C. Original documents also need to be furnished during the verification.

D. Minimum Deposit quantum.

E. Every bank has different minimal and maximum deposit limits. It’s suggested to check with the bank before opening an Fixed Deposit account.

For illustration, at the minimal limit for SBI Fixed deposits is Rs. 1000 and there’s no maximum limit. Still, the minimal limit for ICICI Fixed Deposits for minors is Rs. 2000 and for General Citizens it’s Rs 10,000.

2. Term Duration 

As fixed deposits are done for specified time duration, it’s important to check the term precisely. You can choose a period between 1 time and 10 times as per your demand. There are Fixed Deposits for a tenure of about 7 days as well. And unseasonable check/pullout of a fixed deposit would call for a penalty that will reduce your total Fixed Deposit interest/deposit rate. So, the minimum and outside term of a fixed deposit generally varies from one bank to another. Depending on your fiscal pretensions and fiscal demand, you can elect the term of your Fixed Deposit and invest consequently.

3. Fixed Deposit Rates and Payouts

The interest rate offered on the Fixed Deposit will depend on the period for which you’re investing in the Fixed Deposit and also vary from bank to bank for FDs for the same term. The FD interest rate on elderly citizens FDs is advanced than the General Fixed Deposit interest rates. For case, SBI fixed deposit rates will vary from ICICI FD rates for the same duration of Fixed Deposit.

4. Types of Payouts in Fixed Deposit Schemes

There are two types of payouts in fixed deposit schemes Accretive and Non-Cumulative. Depending on an individual’s demand one can choose any of them. So, you can conclude for non-cumulative fixed deposit if you’re looking for a regular source of income on a yearly/quarterly/half monthly/periodic base. Or you can choose the accretive one if you’re looking to save for a long-term and get returns on maturity on both the star and the accumulated interest. In this case, the total interest quantum that’s accrued is re-invested and is paid to you along with the top quantum at the time of maturity. On the other hand, if you invest in a non-cumulative Fixed Deposit, the interest will get credited into your account at the pay-out interval that you have decided for. You can choose the payout on yearly/quarterly/half-monthly and on an periodic base as offered by your bank.

5. Duty impunity Benefits on Fixed Deposits 

The interest that you admit on your Fixed Deposits is completely taxable as per your Income duty crossbeams. The bank will abate the TDS if the interest earned in a fiscal time is further than Rs 10,000, as per the Income Duty/Tax Laws. To insure that your TDS isn’t subtracted you can submit your Form 15G or Form 15H to your bank.

6. Unseasonable Withdrawal 

In case of any fiscal exigency, you can withdraw your Fixed Deposit before the maturity date; Still, the bank may levy a penalty on unseasonable recessions. Still, the penalty quantum differs from one bank to another. It’s judicious to check the rules pertaining top re-mature recessions while opening your Fixed Deposit account. There are some banks that offer a unseasonable pullout installation without a penalty.

7. Loan installation against Fixed Deposits

Your Fixed Deposit account can also be used as the collateral to get approved a loan for your help and ease. The maximum loan quantum can be a certain chance of the top quantum that’s deposited. Still, this chance can vary from one bank to another.

8. Nomination installation against Fixed Deposits

If you’re the sole depositor it’s better to make someone a designee. In case of the death of the Fixed Deposit Account holder, the designee can claim the maturity quantum along with the interest earned.

9. Automatic Renewals

Utmost of the banks renew the Fixed Deposit automatically every time until the maturity date (until specific instructions are given). You can choose for an automatic renewal of your Fixed Deposit or conclude out of it and mention it in the Fixed Deposit form. In case you forget to mention it, you can visit your bank branch and ask them to credit the quantum in your bank savings regard. Currently, both private and public sector banks allow you to open an Fixed Deposit account online through mobile banking or internet banking app. You don’t need to visit the branch physically and get your FD account opened in many twinkles.


So, if you have a Fixed Deposit account or are planning to open one, you can relate to the below guidelines for the same. These 8 tips will insure that your Fixed Deposit account serves the purpose you opened it for – be it your long-term fiscal pretensions or to produce savings.